Generic Name: Ketamine Hydrochloride
Volume: 2ml and 10ml
Therapeutic category: General Anesthetics
Description: KETADEX is clear, colorless to almost colorless solution. It contains 50mg/ml of Ketamine base and it belongs to a group of medicines called Anesthetic agent.
How KETADEX works?
KETADEX is a rapidly acting general anesthetic for I.M/ Slow I.V./I.V. Infusion use with a distinct pharmacological action. KETADEX produces dissociative anesthesia characterized by catalepsy, amnesia, and marked analgesia which may persist into the recovery period.
The anesthetic state produced by KETADEX has been termed “dissociative anesthesia” in that it appears to selectively interrupt association pathways of the brain before producing somesthetic sensory blockade.
- KETADEX is indicated for the induction of anesthesia prior to the administration of other general anesthetic agents.
- KETADEX is indicated to supplement low-potency agents, such as nitrous oxide.
Dosage and administration:
- KETADEX is normally given by the I.M. route, but can be given Intravenously when I.M. administration is not feasible.
- An Intravenous dose of 2 mg/kg of bodyweight usually produces surgical anesthesia within 30 seconds after injection and the anesthetic effect usually lasts 5 to10 minutes.
- The initial dose of KETADEX administered Intravenously may range from 1 mg/kg to 4.5 mg/kg (in terms of ketamine base). The average amount required to produce 5 to 10 minutes of surgical anesthesia has been 2.0 mg/kg.
- An Intramuscular dose of 10 mg/kg of bodyweight usually produces surgical anesthesia within 3 to 4 minutes following injection and the anesthetic effect usually lasts 12 to 25 minutes.
- The initial dose of KETADEX administered Intramuscularly may range from 6.5 mg/kg to 13 mg/kg. A low initial Intramuscular dose of 4 mg/kg has been used in diagnostic maneuvers and procedures not involving intensely painful stimuli.
- In obstetrics, for vaginal delivery or in caesarean section, intravenous doses ranging from 0.2 to 1.0 mg/kg are recommended. A dose of 10 mg/kg will usually produce 12 to 25 minutes of surgical anesthesia. Dose reductions should be considered in patients with cirrhosis or other types of liver impairment.
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